A vulnerability was just identified in your website. How would you know?
The process of vulnerability disclosure to an organization is often very difficult to identify. Whether you are offering any type of bounty for security bugs or not, it is important that there is a clear path for someone to notify you of a potential concern.
Unfortunately, the process is different on every application and it can be very difficult to find it. For someone that is just trying to help out, it can be very frustrating as well. Some websites may have a separate security page with contact information. Other sites may just have a security email address on the contact us page. Many sites don’t have any clear indication of how to report such a finding. Maybe we could just use the security@ email address for the organization, but do they have it configured?
In an effort to help standardize how to find this information, there is a draft definition for a method for web security policies. You can read the draft at https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-foudil-securitytxt-03. The goal of this is to specify a text file in a known path to provide contact information for users to submit potential security concerns.
How it works
The first step is to create a security.txt file to describe your web security policy. This file should be found in the .well-known directory (according to the specifications). This would make your text file found at /.well-known/security.txt. In some circumstances, it may also be found at just /security.txt.
The purpose of pinning down the name of the file and where it should be located is to limit the searching process. If someone finds an issue, they know where to go to find the right contact information or process.
The next step is to put the relevant information into the security.txt file. The draft documentation covers this in depth, but I want to give a quick example of what this may look like:
— Start of File —
# This is a sample security.txt file contact: mailto:email@example.com contact: tel:+1-904-638-5431 # Encryption - This links to my public PGP Key Encryption: https://www.developsec.com/jamesjardine-public.txt # Policy - Links to a policy page outlining what you are looking for Policy: https://www.developsec.com/security-policy # Acknowledgments - If you have a page that acknowledges users that have submitted a valid bug Acknowledgments: https://www.developsec.com/acknowledgments # Hiring - if you offer security related jobs, put the link to that page here Hiring: https://www.developsec.com/jobs # Signature - To help secure your file, create a signature file and reference it here. Signature: https://www.developsec.com/.well-known/security.txt.sig
—- End of File —
I included some comments in that sample above to show what each item is for. A key point is that very little policy information is actually included in the file, rather it is linked as a reference. For example, the PGP key is not actually embedded in the file, but instead the link to the key is referenced.
The goal of the file is to be in a well defined location and provide references to your different security policies and procedures.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
So I am curious, what do you think about this technique? While it is still in draft status, it is an interesting concept. It allows providing a known path for organizations to follow to provide this type of information.
I don’t believe it is a requirement to create bug bounty programs, or even promote the security testing of your site without permission. However, it does at least provide a means to share your requests and provide information to someone that does find a flaw and wants to share that information with you.
Will we see this move forward, or do you think it will not catch on? If it is a good idea, what is the best way to raise the awareness of it?